Carmel is a city, that really could be considered a suburb of Indianapolis, located just to the north of Indianapolis. According to the census done in 2010 there were 79,191 people living in Carmel . Carmel is one of the most affluent communities in the Midwest. Of the 79,191 people residing in the city of Carmel, 85.4% are white and the median income for a household in the city was $90,321 with 2.5% of the population being below the poverty line.
Until 1874, the settlement where present day Carmel now sits was called Bethlehem. Today, the plot first established in Bethlehem, located at the intersection of Rangeline Road and Main Street, is marked by a clock tower, donated by the local Rotary Club in 2002. In 1924, one of the first automatic traffic signals in the United States was installed at the intersection of Main Street and Range Line Road. The signal that was installed was the invention of Leslie Haines and is currently in the old train station on the Monon. Carmel has become the unofficial roundabout capital of USA, due to the mayor of Carmel, Jim Brainard, installing over 80 roundabouts and demolishing 78 sets of traffic lights. The 2006 City Livability Award for Roundabouts. This award recognizes mayors for implementing programs to improve the quality of life in their districts. Carmel mayor Jim Brainard earned this award for his efforts to improve traffic flow to meet the area’s growing population. He replaced stop-signs across Carmel with roundabouts, which are both safer and more efficientThe school system has 11 elementary schools, three middle schools and one high school. Student enrollment for the district is above 14,500.